Inter Galactic Magnetic field constraints through the gamma ray observations of the Extreme BL Lac HESS 1943+213

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  • uploaded June 25, 2021

Discussion timeslot (ZOOM-Meeting): 16. July 2021 - 18:00
ZOOM-Meeting URL: https://icrc2021.desy.de/pf_access_abstracts
Corresponding Session: https://icrc2021-venue.desy.de/channel/Presenter-Forum-1-Evening-All-Categories/48
Abstract:
'Extreme High-frequency-peaked BL Lac (EHBL) objects, a subclass of blazars characterised by a synchrotron peak frequency exceeding 10^17 Hz, and, in some cases, an inverse Compton peak energy exceeding 1 TeV, are ideal sources to study the InterGalactic Magnetic Field (IGMF) due to the hardness of their spectrum. HESS J1943+213 is a Very High Energy (VHE, larger 100 GeV) γ-ray source shining through the Galactic Plane discovered by HESS. Recently, also VERITAS published a VHE spectrum spanning from 200 GeV up to about 2 TeV consistent with that of HESS within the errors (photon index=2.8). The archetypical EHBL source is 1ES 0229+200 which has a redshift z=0.14 and a similar VHE slope (photon index=2.9). Since the observed flux of HESS J1943+213 at 1 TeV is more than a factor of two larger, and its redshift is bigger (z smaller 0.23), a much larger reprocessed power is expected, which allowed us to study the magnetic field strength with great accuracy. We used the simulation code CRpropa 3 to simulate the cascade emission assuming different IGMF configurations and a detailed analysis of the 10 years of Fermi-LAT data to extend the observed VHE spectrum down to 5 GeV. Comparing the cascade spectrum with the combined spectra from Fermi-LAT and Cherenkov telescopes we derived a lower limit on the IGMF strength of the order of 6e-14 G which is at least a factor of 4 larger than previously published results obtained with the source 1ES0229+200. Effects of the duty cycle are also taken into consideration.'

Authors: Paolo Da Vela | Stefano Silvestri | Sofia Ventura | Giacomo Bonnoli
Indico-ID: 914
Proceeding URL: https://pos.sissa.it/395/633

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Presenter: Sofia Ventura

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