High-Energy Neutrinos from Non-Relativistic Shock-Powered Transients


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  • uploaded June 26, 2021

Discussion timeslot (ZOOM-Meeting): 19. July 2021 - 18:00
ZOOM-Meeting URL: https://desy.zoom.us/j/91999581729
ZOOM-Meeting ID: 91999581729
ZOOM-Meeting Passcode: ICRC2021
Corresponding Session: https://icrc2021-venue.desy.de/channel/39-Astrophysical-Neutrinos-Theoretical-amp-Experimental-Results-NU/70
Live-Stream URL: https://icrc2021-venue.desy.de/livestream/Discussion-05/6

'Shock interaction has been argued to play a role in powering a range of optical transients, including supernovae, classical novae, stellar mergers, tidal disruption events, and fast blue optical transients. These same shocks can accelerate relativistic ions, generating high-energy neutrino and gamma-ray emission via hadronic pion production. We introduce a model for connecting the radiated optical fluence of non-relativistic transients to their maximal neutrino and gamma-ray fluence. We apply this technique to a wide range of extra-galactic transient classes in order to place limits on their contributions to the cosmological high-energy neutrino backgrounds. Based on a simple model for diffusive shock acceleration at radiative shocks, calibrated to novae, we demonstrate that several of the most luminous transients can accelerate protons up to $10^{16}$ eV, sufficient to contribute to the IceCube astrophysical background. Furthermore, we show that several of the considered sources−particularly hydrogen-poor supernovae−may serve as “gamma-ray- hidden” neutrino sources due to the high gamma-ray opacity of their ejecta, evading constraints imposed by the non-blazar Fermi-LAT background.'

Authors: Ke Fang
Indico-ID: 499
Proceeding URL: https://pos.sissa.it/395/1219

Presenter: Ke Fang

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