High-Energy Neutrino Production in Clusters of Galaxies


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  • uploaded June 26, 2021

Discussion timeslot (ZOOM-Meeting): 19. July 2021 - 18:00
ZOOM-Meeting URL: https://desy.zoom.us/j/91999581729
ZOOM-Meeting ID: 91999581729
ZOOM-Meeting Passcode: ICRC2021
Corresponding Session: https://icrc2021-venue.desy.de/channel/39-Astrophysical-Neutrinos-Theoretical-amp-Experimental-Results-NU/70
Live-Stream URL: https://icrc2021-venue.desy.de/livestream/Discussion-05/6

'In this work, we compute the contribution from clusters of galaxies to the diffuse neutrino background. Clusters of galaxies can potentially produce cosmic rays (CRs) up to very-high energies via large-scale shocks and turbulent acceleration. Due to their unique magnetic-field configuration, CRs with energy $sim 10^{17}$ eV or smaller can be trapped within these structures over cosmological time scales, and generate secondary particles, including neutrinos and gamma rays, through interactions with the background gas and photons. We employ three-dimensional cosmological magnetohydrodynamical simulations of structure formation to model the turbulent intergalactic medium. We use the distribution of clusters within this cosmological volume to extract the properties of this population. We propagate CRs in this environment using multi-dimensional Monte Carlo simulations across different redshifts (from $z = 5$ to $z =0$), considering all relevant photohadronic, photonuclear, and hadronuclear interactions. We also include the cosmological evolution of the CR sources. We find that for CRs injected with a spectral index 1.5 - 2.7 and cutoff energy $E_{max} = 10^{16}$ – $10^{17}$ eV, clusters contribute to a substantial fraction to the diffuse flux observed by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, and most of the contribution comes from clusters with $M larger 10^{14}$ solar mass and redshifts $z smaller 0.3$.'

Authors: Saqib Hussain
Co-Authors: Elisabete de Gouveia Dal Pino | Rafael Alves Batista
Indico-ID: 119
Proceeding URL: https://pos.sissa.it/395/1212

Presenter: Saqib Hussain

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